con – Wiktionary

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English[edit]

conEnglish Wikipedia has an article on :Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English connen, from Old English cunnan (“to know, know how”), from Proto-West Germanic *kunnan, from Proto-Germanic *kunnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (whence know). Doublet of can.

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

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Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of Latin contra (“against”).

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. A disadvantage of something, especially when contrasted with its advantages (pros).

    pros and cons

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of convict.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (slang) A convicted criminal, a convict.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From con trick, shortened from confidence trick.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) A fraud; something carried out with the intention of deceiving, usually for personal, often illegal, gain.
    scamsee also Thesaurus:deception
    • 2021 February 23, Rafael Behr, “Brexit is a machine to generate perpetual grievance. It’s doing its job perfectly”, in The Guardian‎[2]:February 23, Rafael Behr, “ Brexit is a machine to generate perpetual grievance. It’s doing its job perfectly ”, in

      Leavers will be attracted to that story because it spares them the discomfort of admitting that they voted for a con, and then made a prime minister of the con artist.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

  1. (transitive, informal) To trick or defraud, usually for personal gain.
    (British, Australian) be sold a pupsee also Thesaurus:deceive
    • 2017 July 17, Martin Lukacs, “Neoliberalism has conned us into fighting climate change as individuals”, in The Guardian‎[3]:July 17, Martin Lukacs, “ Neoliberalism has conned us into fighting climate change as individuals ”, in

      Neoliberalism has conned us into fighting climate change as individuals [title]

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From earlier cond; see conn.

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

  1. conn (“direct a ship”)Alternative form of

Noun[edit]

con (uncountable)

  1. conn (“navigational direction of a ship”)Alternative form of

Etymology 6[edit]

Clipping of convention or conference.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) An organized gathering, such as a convention, conference, or congress.
    • 1995 September 4, Lindsay Crawford, “Re: Intersection”, in rec.arts.sf.fandom, Usenet‎[4], message-ID <9509042250393785@emerald.com>:September 4, Lindsay Crawford, “ Re : Intersection ”, in, message-ID < 9509042250393785@emerald.com > :
      I can’t speak for Faye as ed of FHAPA, but it would be really swell of someone could send us a set of Intersection daily newszines, plus any con flyers or other fannish papers that were there to had for the picking up: fannish things, you know, not including media, gaming, filking or costuming, fine fun but not my cup of blog, thank you.

Etymology 7[edit]

Clipping of conversion.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) The conversion of part of a building.

    We’re getting a loft con done next year.

Etymology 8[edit]

Clipping of consumption.

Noun[edit]

con (uncountable)

Etymology 9[edit]

Origin uncertain. Perhaps a clipping of Middle English acquerne, aquerne, ocquerne, okerne (“squirrel”), from Old English ācweorna, āqueorna, āquorna, ācurna (“squirrel”), from Proto-West Germanic *aikwernō, from Proto-Germanic *aikwernô (“squirrel”); or from its Old Norse cognate íkorni (“squirrel”), from the same ultimate source. Cognate with West Frisian iikhoarn (“squirrel”), Dutch eekhoorn (“squirrel”), German Eichhorn (“squirrel”), Icelandic íkorni (“squirrel”).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

Etymology 10[edit]

Clipping of conservative; compare lib.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (abbreviation) A political conservative.

    own the cons

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (“with”).

Preposition[edit]

con

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (“with”).

Preposition[edit]

con

Derived terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin conus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons)

Related terms[edit]

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of Happy Corner, from English Happy Corner.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con

Verb[edit]

con

Etymology 2[edit]

From clipping of English contact lens.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cum.

Preposition[edit]

con

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cunnus.

Noun[edit]

con m

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese con, from Latin cum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:

      Cumu to é custión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu:

      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as:

Antonyms[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cunnus, probably ultimately of Proto-Indo-European origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): / kɔ ̃ /

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons, feminine conne)

  1. (vulgar) cunt, pussy (the female genitalia)
  2. (vulgar) arsehole, asshole, fucktard, cunt, retard (stupid person)
    • 2021, Angèle,

      Plus de sens

      Comme un con qui dit ce qu’il pense, […] rien n’a plus de sens.

      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Adjective[edit]

con (feminine conne, masculine plural cons, feminine plural connes)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “con”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé[Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.

Anagrams[edit]

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese con, from Latin cum (“with”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

con

Etymology 2[edit]

Cons, Couso, Ribeira, Galicia, Couso, Ribeira, Galicia Con da Edra (Ivy’s boulder)Boulder known as ( Ivy’s boulder )

Attested in local Medieval Latin documents as cauno, with a derived cauneto,[1] from Proto-Celtic *akaunon (“stone”),[2] from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éḱmō.[3] Unlikely from Latin cōnus, which should have originated a word with a closed stressed vowel.[4] Doublet of gouño.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons)

  1. boulder, specially those found semi-submerged at the seashore
    laxepetón
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “con” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI – ILGA 2006–2022.
  • “caun” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez – Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • “con” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006–2013.
  • “con” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “con” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m sg

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis

con

chon gcon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (“with”), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“next to, at, with, along”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): / kon /
  • Rhymes: – on
  • Hyphenation: con

Preposition[edit]

con

Usage notes[edit]

  • When followed by the definite article, con may be combined with the article to produce the following combined forms (marking these combined forms in writing is old-fashioned, and very rarely used apart from col and coi; however, it has always been very common in speech, and it still is):
con + article Combined form
con + il col
con + lo collo
con + l’ coll’
con + i coi
con + gli cogli
con + la colla
con + le colle

Antonyms[edit]

Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cun(Gherdëina, Badia)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (“with”).

Preposition[edit]

con

Ligurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

con

+ article

Combined form

con

+ o

co-o

con

+ a

co-a

con

+ i

co-i

con

+ e

co-e

Middle Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m

  1. genitive singular/dual/pluralof

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization

con

chon

con

pronounced with / ɡ ( ʲ ) – /

Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Muong[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *kɔːn, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun or *kuən. Cognates include Old Mon kon, Khmer កូន (koun), Bahnar kon, Vietnamese con.

Noun[edit]

con

  1. (Mường Bi) child

Classifier[edit]

con

  1. (Mường Bi) Indicates animals ( including the human )

References[edit]

  • Hà Quang Phùng ( ) Tìm hiểu về ngữ pháp tiếng Mường (Thim hiếu wuê ngử pháp thiểng Mường) [Understanding Muong grammar]‎[5] (FlashPaper, in Vietnamese, Muong), Thanh Sơn–Phú Thọ Province Continuing Education Center, archived from the original on , retrieved

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cunnus.

Noun[edit]

con m (oblique plural cons, nominative singular cons, nominative plural con)

  1. (vulgar) cunt (human female genitalia)

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See conme.

Conjunction[edit]

con

  1. conmeAlternative form of

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m

  1. genitive singular/dual/pluralof

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization

con

chon

con

pronounced with / ɡ ( ʲ ) – /

Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

Descendants[edit]

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum.

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    • c. 1200, Cantar del Mio Cid:

      Çid, en el nuestro mal vos non ganades nada;
      mas ¡el Criador vos vala con todas sus vertudes sanctas!»

      Cid, from our ill you gain nothing;
      but may the Creator protect you with all his holy powers!

Descendants[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (“with”), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“next to, at, with, along”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    sin
  2. on

    Yo cuento con ustedes.

    I count on you.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “con”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *kɔːn, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun ~ *kuən. Cognate with Muong còn, Thavung กอน, Mon ကွေန် (kon), Khmer កូន (koun), Bahnar kon, Khasi khun, Central Nicobarese kōan. For semantic relations, compare Chinese (“child; small thing; son”), Japanese (shi, ko, “child; small thing; son; boy; girl”). See also non (“young, juvenile”).

Attested in the Annan Jishi (安南即事, 13th century) as 乾 (MC kɑn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier đứa) con • (?, 昆)

  1. a child (daughter or son)

    con cái ― children

    con nuôi ― an adopted child

    gà con ― a chick

    Con cóc con là con con cóc.

    toadlet is an offspring of a toad.
    • 1983, Homer, Phan Thị Miến, transl., Ô-đi-xê [The Odyssey]:

      Tê-lê-mác, con ! Đừng làm rầy mẹ, mẹ còn muốn thử thách cha ở tại nhà này. Thế nào rồi mẹ con cũng sẽ nhận ra, chắc chắn như vậy. Hiện giờ cha còn bẩn thỉu, áo quần rách rưới, nên mẹ con khinh cha, chưa nói : “Đích thị là chàng rồi !”. […]

      Telemachus, my son! Don’t you bother your mother, she still wants to put me to trials at this home. She will recognize me eventually, there is no doubt about that. I still look like a rascal, in torn clothes, that is why your mother still doubts me, she is yet to say: “It was definitely you this whole time!”. […]

  2. (rare, chiefly in translations of ancient textschiefly in translations of ancient texts) a son
    con gái

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

con • (?, 昆)

  1. (rare, only in compoundsonly in compounds) a small thing

    con quay ― a spinning top

    con lắc ― a pendulum

Derived terms[edit]

  • con con(“rather small”)
  • cỏn con(“tiny”)

See also[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

con • (?, 昆)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sense (4) is chiefly used in central and southern Vietnam, perhaps extensively to northern-central Vietnam. In northern Vietnam, cháu is used instead. Some northerners, however, do use con, especially when talking to southern children on southern TV shows.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (you ( 4 )): cháu

Classifier[edit]

con

  1. Indicates animals ( including humans ) .
  2. (disrespectful) Indicates female people .
    thằng

    một thằng, hai con ― one guy, two girls

  3. Indicates knives, ships, boats, trains and eye pupils

    con dao ― a knife

  4. Indicates roads, rivers, streams and waves .

    trên con đường đến hạnh phúc ― on the road / path to happiness

  5. (somewhat literary) Indicates written characters .

    con chữ ― a character or letter

  6. (colloquial) Indicates wheeled vehicles .
    Anh mày có hẳn hai con xe Honda đấy nhớ!

    I have two Honda motorbikes !
  7. (colloquial) Indicates video games and movies .
    Ông chơi con game này chưa?

    Have you played this game ?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Even though con người is used, it is generally thought of as a noun phrase on its own, and người does not require a classifier because it is itself a classifier (compare Japanese (nin)). Một con người “a person” does not sound dehumanizing, but even literary, while một người sounds casual enough.
  • The phrase con người is popularly employed as a philosophical trope or device to bring up discussions about what it means to be human as opposed to being an animal, even though it is not really semantically convincing given the fact that humans are, zoologically, animals, and there are non-animal things going with this classifier.

Derived terms

[edit]

See also[edit]

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Persian جان‎ (jân).

Noun[edit]

con ?

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